Changes in groundwater levels during the 2006 growing season could have contributed to contamination problems on the field, according to the report. In March the ranch’s groundwater levels were higher than the San Benito riverbed, but they fell to the riverbed level in July, and then dropped below the riverbed’s level later in the season. “This potentially allowed surface river water from the river flowing into the Paicines Ranch valley to percolate into the ground again and recharge the groundwater during that period,” the report said. Mar 23, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and California officials released a final report today on last fall’s nationwide Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak linked to fresh spinach, tracing the pathogen to a specific farm and identifying a handful of possible contamination sources. FDA final report on E coli outbreak in fresh spinach See also: There, officials found the outbreak strain in river water, cattle feces, and wild-pig feces. A grass-fed cattle operation was located on the ranch, less than a mile from the spinach field, the report says. Investigators found evidence of wild pigs in and around the cattle, growing, and irrigation well areas. San Benito County farm citedDuring the investigation, federal and California officials found the outbreak strain in 13 bags of Dole brand baby spinach and traced the contaminated products to an Aug 15 production run at a Natural Selection Foods facility in San Juan Bautista, Calif., according to the FDA report. Testing at the facility found no samples that matched the outbreak strain. Mandatory oversight?Acheson said the FDA is holding three hearings on issues surrounding tainted produce. He said though good agricultural practices and marketing agreements are the best ways to keep E coli out of produce in the short term, information may come out of the hearings that could build a case for mandatory federal oversight. The outbreak, which occurred in early fall, sickened 205 people and caused three deaths. The spinach grower was marketing products for conventional sale, but the field was being changed into an organic growing area, the report said. Jeff Farrar, food and drug chief of the California Department of Health Services (CDHS), said at a press conference today that the fertilizer used on the field was heat-treated chicken manure pellets. Jan 26 CIDRAP News article “California debates produce safety measures” Reilly said California growers are taking a good first step by signing on to marketing agreements that will be administered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA). Food handlers and producers who join the CFDA marketing agreements vow to accept products only from farmers that follow specific food safety procedures. Products certified by state-authorized inspectors and grown with good agricultural practices can carry an official seal to assure consumers. Investigators traced the product code to four fields in Monterey and San Benito counties, the report says. Though E coli O157:H7 was found in environmental samples on all of the farms, samples that matched the outbreak strain were limited to one farm: the Paicines Ranch in San Benito County. Kevin Reilly, deputy director for prevention services at the CDHS, said that though the 6-month investigation wasn’t able to determine how the E coli got onto the spinach, it was still a success. “This is the first time we’ve found a clear link between an individual with a contaminated product and taken that link down to the farm level,” he said. “In real time, we saw evidence of some of the risk factors coming to fruition.” About 90% of California’s fresh produce companies have expressed an interest in joining the marketing agreement, the details of which are still being formulated, Reilly said. “Industry self-regulation seldom protects consumers and often provides industry with cover when contamination occurs,” she said in her statement. “Simply put, if the leafy green industry ever hopes to regain consumer trust, it must be regulated by an authority other than itself.” The multifaceted problems identified by the investigation point to an urgent need for more research on the microbial ecology of E coli, said David Acheson, MD, chief medical officer for the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. “We need to find out how the bugs get onto the produce in the first place and how we can prevent that from happening in the future,” he said. Mar 23 FDA press release Elisa Odabashian, director of the Consumers Union’s West Coast office, spoke at the FDA hearing held in Oakland, Calif., on Mar 20. In her comments, posted on the Consumers Union Web site, Odabashian said the marketing agreements taking shape in California lack public input and are heavily influenced by the leafy-greens industry. Consumers Union statement Industry signs on for voluntary changesThe way to reduce the risk of E coli contamination in spinach and other fresh greens is for farms to uniformly adopt established good agricultural practices, Reilly said. “Every farm, every day,” he stressed, adding that food processors must follow good manufacturing practices.
William Earl May, 83, of Rexville passed away at 11:59am, Saturday, April 6, 2019 at St. Vincent Hospital in Indianapolis. He was born near Benham on April 13, 1935 the son of William and Alta Tunks May. He was married to Phyllis Wright on June 2, 1957 and his wife of 61 years survives. Other survivors include two daughters Deborah (John) Mercer of Jamestown, and Janet (Ron) Linkmeyer of Friendship; three grandchildren Eric (Monica) Adams of Brownstown, Elizabeth Mercer of Greenfield, and Jodi (Patrick) Stockton of San Antonio, Texas; five great-grandchildren Lane, Clara, and Graham Adams, and Riley and Jackson Stockton; one sister Lora Swinney of North Vernon. He was preceded in death by his parents, his brothers Stanley, Leroy, Russell, and Estol May, and his sisters Lila Zeigler and Evelyn Meek. Mr. May was a 39 year employee of Bohn Aluminum in Greensburg where he worked in machine set-up, retiring in 1995. He enjoyed spending time with his grandchildren and great-grandchildren, fishing, woodworking, making corn hole games, gardening, and helping others. Earl was a 71 year member of the Shelby Christian Church and had served as a deacon for 55 years. He had spent last several years serving as the sexton for the Shelby Cemetery and had mowed the cemetery for 13 years. Funeral services will be held on Wednesday, April 10th at 10:30am at the Shelby Christian Church with Tim Heim officiating. Burial will be in the Grandview Memorial Garden near Madison. Visitation will be on Tuesday from 5pm to 8pm at the Stratton-Karsteter Funeral Home in Versailles and from 9:30am until time of services Wednesday at the church. Memorials may be given to the Shelby Christian Church Building Fund or the Shelby Cemetery in care of the funeral home.
… Golden Jaguars humbled by Panama 4-2 in spirited performanceBy Rawle Toney (compliments of Let’s Bet Sports) THE story of the game, Guyana versus Panama; Neil Danns netted a double, but Guyana went down 4-2 to Panama at the FirstEnergy Stadium, in Cleveland, Ohio, last evening in match number 15 of the 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup. As promised, coach Michael Johnson made some changes to the line-up from the USA game in Minnesota, going with Dutch League import Torrell Ondaan, while Samuel Peter Cox wore the captain’s armband. Out from the previous game were Brandon Beresford and Keanu Marsh-Brown.Though some pundits questioned why the former Jamaican International didn’t make some changes in the defence as well; changing Jordan Dover, his starting 11 played good enough to out-do Panama for the entire first half.Guyana’s continuous pressure on a ‘suspect’ Panamanian defensive line paid off in the 33rd minute when Ondaan – who had a superb game playing on the wing – after a build up with Dover, collected a ball in the 18-yard and slipped it back to the right-back (Dover), who was brought down in the penalty area. The referee wasted little time in pointing to the penalty spot. Johnson ensured that his most senior and seasoned player, Danns, was the one responsible for bringing Guyana level.Danns, with entire stadium more so the Guyanese supporters who travelled to the Cleveland Browns home stadium to cheer him on, was composed, calm and didn’t show any nervousness, as he stroked home the country’s first-ever goal at a major CONCACAF men’s tournament.However, Guyana’s celebration was short-lived, as Terence Vancooten, probably the team’s best defender, in an attempt to clear the ball, scored in his own goal in the 40th minute.Guyana, though having several chances from Emery Welshman, Ondaan and Callum Harriott, headed back into the dressing room down one goal (2-1).After a rather eventful first half, Guyana came out in the second stanza with the same energy but Panama showed why they had qualified for the last FIFA World Cup. They mounted the pressure on Golden Jaguars’ defence, but, Akel Clarke’s exceptional goalkeeping kept the Guyanese in the game.Game-changing momentAll was well in the game. Panama continued their relentless hunt, while Guyana’s defence, marshalled by Matthew Briggs and Vancooten, stood firm; that’s until the 51st minute when Liam Gordon brought down one of Panama’s forwards in the ‘18’.At the blast of the referee’s whistle, Clarke made a dive to his right and pulled off a beautiful save. However, the assistant referee’s flag was raised, pointing out to the Jamaican referee, Daneon Parchmant, that the ‘GT’ keeper moved a little too soon from his goal line. However, when the replay was shown in the stadium, the result was otherwise.A section of the Guyanese fans who turned up in their numbers to support the Golden Jaguars against Panama.Panama’s Eric Davis, on the re-take, found the net, much to the Guyanese players and their supporters’ displeasure, as the South Americans went up 3 – 1. Johnson, at the post-game press conference, chastised the officials for the decision, and also questioned why VAR (Video Assistant Referee) was not used in the competition.Guyana didn’t offer much in the second half, though Johnson, making the right tactical substitution, brought in Stephen Duke McKenna for Elliot Bonds, Anthony Jeffrey for Ondaan and Keanu Marsh-Brown for Harriot. Substitute Gabriel Torres put the icing on the cake in the match in the 86th minute, netting a neatly timed header.“If I’m looking at effort and commitment, the performance of the team was of a different class; again they gave everything. What I was disappointed with was the way we utilised the ball. We weren’t efficient with it, we weren’t careful with it and the final goal started with a bad pass from us when in a comfortable possession with the ball,” Johnson told reporters after the game.Johnson admitted that the team “could have passed the ball better but I think first half we showed what we can do. But it is just disappointing, because we gave away goals and we are not good enough to give the team three, four goals head-start. We are not good enough and until we start tightening up, this will happen.”Guyana will now travel to Kansas City where they will take on Trinidad and Tobago on June 26. For Panama, their win against Guyana, coupled with the fact that the USA defeated the ‘Soca Warriors’ 4-0 last evening, sets up a mouthwatering encounter with the ‘Stars and Stripes’.Starting X1: 1. Akel Clarke, 4. Elliot Bonds, 5. Jordan Dover, 8. Samuel Cox (c), 10. Emery Welshman, 11. Callum Harriot, 13. Liam Gordon, 15. Terrence Vancooten, 16. Neil Danns, 17. Torell Ondann, 20. Matthew Briggs.Substitutions: 18. Alex Murray, 22. Quillan Roberts, 2. Kevin Layne, 3. Daniel Wilson, 6. Ronyane Marsh-Brown, 7. Keanu Marsh-Brown, 9. Sheldon Holder, 12. Pernel Schultz, 14. Daniel Wilson, 19. Stephen Duke-McKenna, 21. Brandon Beresford, 23. Anthony Jeffrey.