Apr 10, 2007 (CIDRAP News) The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently proposed rules that would relax some labeling restrictions on irradiated foods and invited the public to comment. Oct 2006 FDA statement on E coli outbreak However, in an Apr 4 notice published in the Federal Register, the FDA proposed that only foods that are “materially changed” by irradiation be required to carry the radura logo and the term “irradiated.” The FDA defines a material change as an alteration in a food’s characteristics caused by irradiation, such as extended shelf-life in bananas or changes in color, texture, or taste that exceed the normal range of variability for the food. The proposed rule change would also allow companies to petition the FDA for permission to use alternative terms for irradiation and would permit firms to use the term “pasteurized” instead of “irradiated” if the process they use meets federal criteria for pasteurization. “It is possible that some manufacturers not currently using irradiation as a safety tool (because of the current labeling requirement) may opt to start using irradiation in order to enhance the safety of their products,” the FDA notice states. Some consumer groups, such as Public Citizen, strongly oppose food irradiation because they are suspicious about its effects and believe food producers will use it as a substitute for more traditional food safety measures. The bill broadened the definition of pasteurization to include any safe process that is at least as protective as pasteurization and is reasonably certain to kill the most resistant pathogens likely to occur in the food. The legislation also directed the FDA to review its regulations on labeling of irradiated foods, receive public comments, and then revise the regulations “as appropriate.” The 2002 farm bill specified that, until the issuance of new rules, anyone could petition the FDA for permission to change the labeling of an irradiated food, provided that the change “is not false or misleading in any material respect.” The FDA’s Federal Register notice says that the agency has not received any petitions from companies requesting the use of alternative labeling for their irradiated products. Currently, few foods are irradiated. Though several major health and science organizations, such as the World Health Organization and Infectious Diseases Society of America, have endorsed food irradiation as safe, US consumers have been slow to warm to irradiated foods. See also: It also says the labeling changes could allow some consumers to make more informed decisions about their food purchases, but it acknowledges that others may regard substitute terms as misleading. The FDA says in the notice that it was unclear how many products could be marketed without “irradiation” on the label if its proposal is adopted, because labeling requirements cannot be made in advance for all products. Labeling requirements will mostly likely be set case-by-case because the effects of irradiation on different foods vary. “It is more likely that this option would simply allow firms more flexibility in how they label irradiated foods,” the notice states. Comments from the public are due by Jul 3, 2007. The move toward loosening labeling rules for irradiated foods began nearly 5 years ago when Congress passed the 2002 farm bill. Labeling-related provisions intended to promote the acceptance of irradiated foods were included in amendments authored by Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa. Apr 4 FDA Federal Register notice on proposed change in labeling rules However, recent illness outbreaks caused by contaminated produce have sparked new interest in ways to make the US food supply safer. Last October, amid a nationwide Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak linked to fresh spinach, the FDA, in an outbreak update on its Web site, said it had a petition under review to permit the irradiation of multi-ingredient foods, including prepackaged fresh produce, to reduce microbial contamination. The FDA says companies are sure to consider their bottom line when deciding to make a labeling change, but the new rules could also increase the use of irradiation as a food safety tool. The revised labeling rules, however, could make it more difficult for consumers who want to avoid irradiated foods, because they would need to do more research on which foods are irradiated. Jun 17, 2002 CIDRAP News article “New farm bill may promote food irradiation, but changes could be slow” CIDRAP overview on food irradiation The FDA currently requires all irradiated foods to have the international radura symbol and the statement “treated by irradiation” or “treated with radiation” clearly displayed on the packaging.
Recently, ZTT Submarine Cable (ZTTSC) completed the factory test and delivery of 500kV AC submarine cable for the second-circuit transmission line project for Zhejiang Zhoushan Networking North Passage.The leaders and experts from Zhejiang Electric Power affiliated to State Grid, China Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Research Institute, Construction Branch of Zhejiang Electric Power of State Grid (consulting company), Zhejiang Qiming Power Group and ZTT Group witnessed the factory test.ZTTSC achieved continuous production of the second-circuit 500kV submarine cable in 17.4 km, and the product delivery was completed in advance.Delivery of Zhoushan second-circuit 500kV network transmission and transformation project is another milestone in continuous and stable production of large-length & ultra-high voltage submarine cable achieved by ZTTSC.Xue Jianling, the general manager of ZTTSC, said global submarine cable was booming. ZTT would actively participate in the globalization layout of submarine cable, develop the strategy with “systematic and general contracting developments of submarine cable” under the guidance of Chinese strategy on the acceleration on the construction of the maritime power, and provide all-around supports and services in the fields of AC and DC submarine cable transmission technology, construction of offshore wind power project, system integration service as well as cooperation and development of wind power resource.
“It’s having those youthful players, who are hungry to learn, who want to be better, then, of course, having really, really top senior players, which I’m fortunate to have. “We have outstanding senior players here that are very concentrated, very professional, and of course they have big talents. read also:Premier League legend recommends Ndidi to Man United “Our challenge is to continue along that route, retain the hunger. It’s always going to be difficult for clubs like ourselves to be up there but we enjoy the challenge and that’s what we hope to try to achieve.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… Promoted ContentWhat Happens To Your Brain When You Play Too Much Video Games?What Is A Black Hole In Simple Terms?Top Tastiest Foods From All Over The WorldBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever MadeThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreThe Best Cars Of All Time8 Superfoods For Growing Hair Back And Stimulating Its GrowthPlaying Games For Hours Can Do This To Your BodyWhy Do So Many Digital Assistants Have Feminine Names & Voices?7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend Better7 Theories About The Death Of Our UniverseWorld’s Most Delicious Foods Key players like Ben Chilwell, James Maddison, and Wilfred Ndidi have drawn admiring glances from the likes of Chelsea, Arsenal and Manchester United and while all have long contracts at Leicester, Rodgers also recalled the case of Harry Maguire, who left Leicester to join the Red Devils for £80million in summer 2019. “Harry came in, had a good couple of seasons playing at the club, great guy, good man, then obviously one of the so-called bigger clubs offers him the opportunity to go and play and he goes,” said the Leicester boss. “So that is always going to be there, especially when you have talented young players. But our organisation is very much based on the team.Advertisement Leicester City boss, Brendan Rodgers, has revealed that they will always be vulnerable to losing their best players to higher-profile clubs.