FDA releases final report on spinach E coli outbreak

first_img Changes in groundwater levels during the 2006 growing season could have contributed to contamination problems on the field, according to the report. In March the ranch’s groundwater levels were higher than the San Benito riverbed, but they fell to the riverbed level in July, and then dropped below the riverbed’s level later in the season. “This potentially allowed surface river water from the river flowing into the Paicines Ranch valley to percolate into the ground again and recharge the groundwater during that period,” the report said. Mar 23, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and California officials released a final report today on last fall’s nationwide Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak linked to fresh spinach, tracing the pathogen to a specific farm and identifying a handful of possible contamination sources. FDA final report on E coli outbreak in fresh spinach See also: There, officials found the outbreak strain in river water, cattle feces, and wild-pig feces. A grass-fed cattle operation was located on the ranch, less than a mile from the spinach field, the report says. Investigators found evidence of wild pigs in and around the cattle, growing, and irrigation well areas. San Benito County farm citedDuring the investigation, federal and California officials found the outbreak strain in 13 bags of Dole brand baby spinach and traced the contaminated products to an Aug 15 production run at a Natural Selection Foods facility in San Juan Bautista, Calif., according to the FDA report. Testing at the facility found no samples that matched the outbreak strain. Mandatory oversight?Acheson said the FDA is holding three hearings on issues surrounding tainted produce. He said though good agricultural practices and marketing agreements are the best ways to keep E coli out of produce in the short term, information may come out of the hearings that could build a case for mandatory federal oversight. The outbreak, which occurred in early fall, sickened 205 people and caused three deaths. The spinach grower was marketing products for conventional sale, but the field was being changed into an organic growing area, the report said. Jeff Farrar, food and drug chief of the California Department of Health Services (CDHS), said at a press conference today that the fertilizer used on the field was heat-treated chicken manure pellets. Jan 26 CIDRAP News article “California debates produce safety measures” Reilly said California growers are taking a good first step by signing on to marketing agreements that will be administered by the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA). Food handlers and producers who join the CFDA marketing agreements vow to accept products only from farmers that follow specific food safety procedures. Products certified by state-authorized inspectors and grown with good agricultural practices can carry an official seal to assure consumers.center_img Investigators traced the product code to four fields in Monterey and San Benito counties, the report says. Though E coli O157:H7 was found in environmental samples on all of the farms, samples that matched the outbreak strain were limited to one farm: the Paicines Ranch in San Benito County. Kevin Reilly, deputy director for prevention services at the CDHS, said that though the 6-month investigation wasn’t able to determine how the E coli got onto the spinach, it was still a success. “This is the first time we’ve found a clear link between an individual with a contaminated product and taken that link down to the farm level,” he said. “In real time, we saw evidence of some of the risk factors coming to fruition.” About 90% of California’s fresh produce companies have expressed an interest in joining the marketing agreement, the details of which are still being formulated, Reilly said. “Industry self-regulation seldom protects consumers and often provides industry with cover when contamination occurs,” she said in her statement. “Simply put, if the leafy green industry ever hopes to regain consumer trust, it must be regulated by an authority other than itself.” The multifaceted problems identified by the investigation point to an urgent need for more research on the microbial ecology of E coli, said David Acheson, MD, chief medical officer for the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. “We need to find out how the bugs get onto the produce in the first place and how we can prevent that from happening in the future,” he said. Mar 23 FDA press release Elisa Odabashian, director of the Consumers Union’s West Coast office, spoke at the FDA hearing held in Oakland, Calif., on Mar 20. In her comments, posted on the Consumers Union Web site, Odabashian said the marketing agreements taking shape in California lack public input and are heavily influenced by the leafy-greens industry. Consumers Union statement Industry signs on for voluntary changesThe way to reduce the risk of E coli contamination in spinach and other fresh greens is for farms to uniformly adopt established good agricultural practices, Reilly said. “Every farm, every day,” he stressed, adding that food processors must follow good manufacturing practices.last_img read more

Bulgaria to name new coach

first_imgRelatedPosts Joshua, Pulev battle gets date, venue Bulgaria football chief resigns over racism row Abraham benched as England put six past Bulgaria Former Ludogorets and Levski Sofia boss, Georgi Dermendzhiev, is set to be appointed as the new head coach of Bulgaria, the |vice-president of the Bulgarian Football Union (BFU) said on Monday.The 64-year-old Dermendzhiev will replace Krasimir Balakov, who resigned a few days after a 6-0 defeat by England last Monday when some supporters taunted the visitors with Nazi salutes and monkey chants, prompting match officials to halt the game twice. [L3N2733MF]“Georgi Dermendzhiev is the new head coach of Bulgaria,” BFU vice-president Yordan Letchkov said, adding that Dermendzhiev would sign his contract on Tuesday.Dermendzhiev led Ludogorets to three consecutive Bulgarian league titles between 2015 and 2017.His side became the first Bulgarian team to register a Champions League group stage victory when they beat Switzerland’s Basel in 2014.Winless Bulgaria is bottom of Group A in the Euro 2020 qualifying stage with three points from seven matches.They host the Czech Republic in their final group match next month. Tags: BulgariaGeorgi DermendzhievKrasimir Balakovlast_img read more

We will assess the extent of Henderson’s injury, says Jurgen Klopp

first_imgLONDON: Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp has said the club will wait and watch how serious Jordan Henderson’s injury is after the club captain hurt his knee during the Premier League champions’ 3-1 win over Brighton.Henderson’s stunning strike had put Liverpool 2-0 ahead in the eighth minute at the Amex Stadium, but the England midfielder collided with Yves Bissouma late in the second half and had to be replaced by James Milner.”I don’t know what it is exactly but it looks like the knee. We will see. We will have to make scans but we know that it’s not nothing, so that’s already enough,” Klopp told Sky Sports.When asked in his post-match press conference if Henderson had left the stadium on crutches, Klopp said: “I don’t know, I’ve had press since the game was over pretty much, so I have no idea how he left the dressing room.”On the win Klopp said: “For their (Brighton’s) build-ups, we had a super solution and I liked how we did it. We don’t have an influence on what the other team is doing, we have to react,” he said.”We did pretty well in most of the situations but when you lose the ball in the wrong moment then they have the advantage. They deserved their goal but then we scored the third, we could have scored more, we had really big chances but all good.”Brighton manager Graham Potter, meanwhile, said he was happy with how his team handled Liverpool.He told Sky Sports: “I think we played well. Over the course of the game, we gave a really good account of ourselves, especially going 2-0 down in the manner that we did. Liverpool smelt blood, if you like, because we gifted them a couple of goals so we showed great personality to drag ourselves back into the game.”We created some chances before we scored a really good goal so we put a lot into that game and there’s a lot of positives for us.” IANSAlso Watch: #NewsMakers: Aabhijeet Sharma, President, APW in an Exclusive Chat with Oineetom Ojahlast_img read more