Helping is not the same as serving. On Tuesday, Susan Latham, Saint Mary’s associate professor of communication and sciences disorders, explored this idea as it relates to the difference between helping those with disabilities and serving those with disabilities. For Latham, serving those with disabilities means working alongside them.“When we say we want to help others, we’re meaning that they need to be helped rather than talking about serving others and being alongside them,” she said.Latham said that many speech and language pathologists utilize a medical model which focuses on fixing or helping those with disabilities. “This idea comes from a medical model orientation — as well as when we say that we’re fixing people — it means that we’re starting from someone’s deficits rather than their strengths,” she said. “It sees disability as a problem that belongs to the disabled. The issue is seen having to do with the individual rather than the issue being with society.”A social model finds issue with society, not the individual, said Latham. “If we look at a wheelchair-using student being unable to get into a building because of some steps, the medical model suggests that this is because of the wheelchair, rather than the steps,” she said. “If we approach this disability through the social model, the steps are the disabling barrier. This model draws on the idea that it is society that disables people by designing everything to meet the needs of the majority of people who are not disabled.”Latham quoted author Rachel Naomi Remen and said that those in the medical profession have to connect with their patients in order have meaningful interactions. “‘Fixing and helping create a distance between people, but we cannot serve at a distance. We can only serve to which we are profoundly connected,’” Latham said. “So, I feel as a speech language pathologist, I need to be profoundly connected to my clients, to my families that I work with, and I can’t do that at a distance.”Serving, as opposed to helping, helps health professionals to see the individual as a whole, Latham explained. “When you’re helping someone, and you say you’re helping someone, you see that life as being weak,” she said. “When you fix, you see that life as broken. But when you serve, you see life as a whole. I believe that’s how we should approach our work in the medical professions and health professions.” Latham said the relationship that grows from merely helping an individual with disabilities is rooted in inequality. “The relationships that we have when we’re helping, is one that is not between equals … and what happens then is that these people who you work with feel that inequality,” she said. “They’re ashamed when they haven’t done the work that you’ve told them to. We have to make sure that we’re making them feel, at least equal, if not, the most important person in the room.”Latham noted that service requires introspection on the part of health professionals.. “What happens when we help? We become aware of our own strength,” she said. “When we serve, we don’t serve with our strength — we serve with ourselves and draw from our experiences.” Latham said serving is about becoming one’s true self. “This is really about becoming our true self,” she said. “Not the fault self. Not who you think you’re called to be or how you think other people perceive you. We’re not embracing our failures or our limitations by serving.”While helping or fixing can be draining in the professional field, serving those with disabilities can be a rewarding and energizing experience. “Service is a relationship between people,” she said. “When we try to fix and help, it becomes draining, and that’s when [professionals] become burnt out. What happens in the schools and hospitals when you have speech language pathologists who want to quit all the time? And they want to quit all the time from schools because it’s impossible to serve others if you have a caseload of 120 students. “You’re going to have to approach your caseload by asking how do I fix this? How do I help people? Not, how do I serve people? And people get burnt out because we don’t find happiness in helping or fixing. When we are serving, it is very rewarding. Our work itself will renew us. I always know when I’m serving others because I feel excited, I feel that enthusiasm.”Latham said that while helping those with disabilities may provide some satisfaction, service goes deeper and makes a health professional feel gratitude for being able to do that work that they do. “In helping, you may find a sense of satisfaction, but in serving, you will find a sense of gratitude.” Tags: Disability Awareness Week, Speech and Language Pathology
Excel bears a relatively good crop at an early age. It has a large nut, producing about 50 nuts per pound. The kernels are a golden color and store well. The quality is good, but its shell thickness reduces the percentage of kernel in the nut. It shells well, though, and kernels fall out in full, complete halves.A large nut size means the variety will need plenty of water in August and September. This variety can be harvested in late September through early October in most years.Its thin limbs and sparse leaf canopy give it a willowy look. This allows for good air circulation and sunlight, which prevents insect and other disease damage. Most pecan trees are alternate-bearing, meaning they produce a full crop every other year. This is always a problem to consider when speculating over the choice of a pecan variety. Since Excel is a relatively new variety, we don’t know a lot about its alternate-bearing tendencies. But when it gets older, it may suffer from alternate-bearing. By Lenny WellsUniversity of GeorgiaBackyard pecan growers can’t effectively use fungicides to fight diseases in their trees. They must grow varieties with disease resistance. A new one provides protection and a big nut, too.The Excel variety was discovered on a farm in Pierce County, Ga. It has been patented and is sold at Clough Pecan Nursery in Blackshear, Ga. Like the Elliott, Summer and Gloria Grande varieties, it has strong resistance to scab, pecan’s most troublesome disease. Anyone growing pecans should remain aware that scab resistance of any variety may only be temporary. The more widespread a variety, the greater chance it has to lose its scab resistance. This is simply a hazard that anyone growing pecans in the Southeast must face.The most popular commercial pecan variety in Georgia, the Desirable, was immune to scab when first introduced and is now known as one of the most highly susceptible varieties. Still, for homeowners, scab control should be the top priority. It does no good to make nuts every year, if they are annually covered in scab lesions. At the moment, no other variety offers the large nut size, early harvest and scab immunity of Excel.Remember to keep the soil around newly planted trees moist until established. You need at least two pecan varieties in the home orchard to ensure adequate pollination. For more information on pecan varieties and production go to the Web site www.tifton.uga.edu/ugapecan or contact your local University of Georgia Cooperative Extension office at 1-800-ASK-UGA1.
update Gulf 56 Pearl St & W Hillcrest Rd update Gulf 3042 VT-100 near Lower Village Rd update Gulf 1118 Williston Rd near Dorset St (near I-89) Premium update CITGO VT-100 near Knowles Flat Rd South Burlington Crosley Lyndonville mack5748 update Jimmy Kwik 153 Coventry St near Eastern Ave Newport Nutfield1 12 hours ago Burlington bruceha2000 update River Valley Store 4495 VT-100C & Bradley Dr 27 hours ago update Sunoco 794 Shelburne Rd & Lindenwood Dr update Mobil 996 North Ave & Ethan Allen Pkwy Richmond Crosley Eden hockey#14 update Sunoco 2939 Saint George Rd & I-89 (Exit 12) (Clark’s ~Accepts Price Chopper Program) Lowell hockey#14 update CITGO 1241 Williston Rd near White St (Dave’s) South Burlington wxman08 Search Gas Prices Show Search Options South Burlington wxman08 Lowest Regular Gas Prices in the Last 48 Hours Price Station Area Thanks Average retail gasoline prices in Vermont have fallen 1.1 cents per gallon in the past week, averaging $2.71/g yesterday. This compares with the national average that has increased 2.4 cents per gallon in the last week to $2.74/g, according to gasoline price website VermontGasPrices.com.Including the change in gas prices in Vermont during the past week, prices yesterday were 16.8 cents per gallon higher than the same day one year ago and are 9.0 cents per gallon lower than a month ago. The national average has decreased 0.5 cents per gallon during the last month and stands 25.5 cents per gallon higher than this day one year ago.Source: VermontGasPrices.com. 7.26.2010 update Cumberland Farms 524 N Main St near 2nd St update Shell 280 E Allen St & Dion St (At I-89 Exit 15) 1 hour ago 12 hours ago Essex Junction speeddeaman update Gulf 13 W Main St & Bridge St (Cumberland Farms) 14 hours ago Barre cparkerVT 12 hours ago 1 hour ago Burlington bruceha2000 Johnson hockey#14 14 hours ago 16 hours ago South Burlington bruceha2000 3 hours ago Burlington bruceha2000 Winooski bruceha2000 47 minutes ago 1 hour ago 11 hours ago update CITGO 1097 North Ave & Leddy Park Rd 1 hour ago South Burlington wxman08 update Gulf 1333 Williston Rd & Hinesburg Rd (Sunday price~ Gracy’s) 12 hours ago Morrisville montpelier28 Midgrade update Mobil 1436 W Main St & I-89 Exit 11 (Rt 2 ) Brattleboro gassilla update Shell 498 Riverside Ave & N Prospect St 12 hours ago Regular Gas Eden hockey#14 Essex Junction cparkerVT Sat 6:01 PM 11 hours ago Burlington bruceha2000 South Burlington wxman08 Diesel Fuel Williston Crosley update Gulf 454 Riverside Ave near N Prospect St update Sunoco 26 Congress St near Lower Main St Burlington bruceha2000 update Gulf 661 Pine St & Lakeside Ave 47 minutes ago update Go-Go Gas 2 Pinecrest Dr & Susie Wilson Rd update Gulf 3570 Theodore Roosevelt Hwy & Main St (Champlain Farms) update Valero 724 Broad St near Charles St (No Ethanol !) 1 hour ago 20 hours ago 3 hours ago update Shell 801 Williston Rd & E Terrace (Champlain Farms) Richmond Crosley update Eden General Store 2918 VT-100 & VT-118 Newport Nutfield1 11 hours ago 1 hour ago Winooski bruceha2000 update Irving 564 Canal St & I-91 Exit 1 Colchester SUNYIT96 update Gulf 146 College Pkwy near Mtn View Ave (Across from Fanny Allen Hospital) 1 hour ago update Shell 1055 Williston Rd & Dorset St (near I-89) 47 minutes ago 3 hours ago Legal Issues: As this site depends on visitor price updates, Vermont Gas Prices is not responsible for information inaccuracies, inconsistencies or errors. Vermont Gas Prices reserves the right to make changes to any of the site content at any time without notice. Colchester bruceha2000 11 hours ago 1 hour ago Add this list of current gas prices to your website Highest Regular Gas Prices in the Last 48 Hours Price Station Area Thanks 12 hours ago update Mobil 298 E Allen St & Dion St (At I-89 Exit 15) update Valero 283 Main St & 3rd St
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A driver was killed when his SUV crashed head-on with a tractor trailer in Carle Place early Wednesday morning.Nassau County police said the victim was driving GMC Acadia Denali westbound on the Glen Cove Road exit ramp of the Northern State Parkway when he crossed into the northbound lanes and struck a southbound U.S. mail truck shortly before 1 a.m.The victim, whose identity was not immediately released, was pronounced dead at the scene.Homicide Squad detectives are continuing the investigation.
A server wearing a face mask or covering due to the Covid-19 pandemic, pours a pint of Camden Pale Ale inside a pub in Mayfair, London on November 3, 2020.DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS | AFP | Getty Images A pub offering up to 50 percent off alcohol for drinkers in Soho, London, ahead of a national lockdown for England from Thursday.Yui Mok/PA Images via Getty Images Laura Martindale, manager of The Rocket public house in Whiston, pours away spoilt beer that has gone off after the pub was placed into tier three and now faces a four week lockdown ahead of a national lockdown for England from ThursdayPeter Byrne/PA Images via Getty Images A sign outside a pub reads ‘ Never too late to pop in for the last pint before lockdown’ on November 4, 2020 in London, England. Non-essential businesses, including pubs and restaurants, will be forced to close from Thursday, Nov 5, following a new national lockdown in England.Peter Summers/Getty Images “Cask conditioned beer will not last, so any beer that will not have been sold by the time the pubs are shut will have to be thrown away, simple as that. And the logic is we’d be better off selling it than throwing it away,” he said.The British Beer and Pub Association, a trade association representing brewers and pubs in the U.K. (and there are over 47,000 pubs in the country), estimated back in May that during the U.K.’s first lockdown in March as many as 70 million pints of British beer would have been destroyed due to closures.The association described it at the time as “heart-breaking to see so much British beer, brewed with supreme skill and care, poured away rather than enjoyed in pubs across the U.K.” LONDON — Many Brits headed out to enjoy their last trip to a pub for at least a month on Wednesday, with some offering cut-price pints of beer before a second lockdown kicked in.Pubs across the country slashed the price of draught beer before lockdown began at 00:01 a.m. local time on Nov. 5. Some offered pints for as little as 95 or 99 pence ($1.28) in a bid to get rid of their stocks rather than pouring it down the drain, literally.Wetherspoons, the U.K.’s largest national pub chain and already known for its cheap drinks menu, was among those offering pints of ale for 99 pence in a bid to avoid wastage before the lockdown — which is forcing pubs, restaurants, leisure centers and gyms in England to close for a month. – Advertisement – – Advertisement – Some brewers found other ways to use the beer including feed for anaerobic digesters to create organic fertilizer for farming, the association noted, as well as beer reused as animal feed.The second lockdown is due to last until Dec. 2, depending on how effective it is at lowering the country’s coronavirus infection rate. The U.K. currently has the third-highest infection count in Europe after France and Spain, with just over 1 million reported cases of Covid-19, according to Johns Hopkins University data. On Oct. 31, U.K. government data showed the seven-day average number of cases stood at 22, 329.As infections started to rise in September, pubs, bars and restaurants were forced by the government to close at 10 p.m. and table service became obligatory.The British Beer and Pub Association is among industry groups calling for more support from the government, including requesting tax cuts for the hospitality sector, employment support and business grants.It has warned that almost a quarter of pub and hospitality industry members believe they could go out of business before the end of the year without government help.The Stonegate Pub Company owns over 700 pubs and bars nationwide in the U.K. and it also announced a three-day sale of all cask ale earlier this week, with pints for 95 pence across its venues.Managing Director Helen Charlesworth lambasted the government ahead of the English lockdown, issuing a statement that “once again, the hospitality industry is being told to bear the financial brunt of further regulations in the Government’s response to Covid-19.”“Given the short notice, this 95p pint sale is to ensure minimal wastage of product across our estate.” – Advertisement – The deal only applied to cask ales, not lager, ciders or wines which can keep, Wetherspoons’ spokesman Eddie Gershon told CNBC Wednesday.- Advertisement –
Apr 10, 2007 (CIDRAP News) The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently proposed rules that would relax some labeling restrictions on irradiated foods and invited the public to comment. Oct 2006 FDA statement on E coli outbreak However, in an Apr 4 notice published in the Federal Register, the FDA proposed that only foods that are “materially changed” by irradiation be required to carry the radura logo and the term “irradiated.” The FDA defines a material change as an alteration in a food’s characteristics caused by irradiation, such as extended shelf-life in bananas or changes in color, texture, or taste that exceed the normal range of variability for the food. The proposed rule change would also allow companies to petition the FDA for permission to use alternative terms for irradiation and would permit firms to use the term “pasteurized” instead of “irradiated” if the process they use meets federal criteria for pasteurization. “It is possible that some manufacturers not currently using irradiation as a safety tool (because of the current labeling requirement) may opt to start using irradiation in order to enhance the safety of their products,” the FDA notice states. Some consumer groups, such as Public Citizen, strongly oppose food irradiation because they are suspicious about its effects and believe food producers will use it as a substitute for more traditional food safety measures. The bill broadened the definition of pasteurization to include any safe process that is at least as protective as pasteurization and is reasonably certain to kill the most resistant pathogens likely to occur in the food. The legislation also directed the FDA to review its regulations on labeling of irradiated foods, receive public comments, and then revise the regulations “as appropriate.” The 2002 farm bill specified that, until the issuance of new rules, anyone could petition the FDA for permission to change the labeling of an irradiated food, provided that the change “is not false or misleading in any material respect.” The FDA’s Federal Register notice says that the agency has not received any petitions from companies requesting the use of alternative labeling for their irradiated products. Currently, few foods are irradiated. Though several major health and science organizations, such as the World Health Organization and Infectious Diseases Society of America, have endorsed food irradiation as safe, US consumers have been slow to warm to irradiated foods. See also: It also says the labeling changes could allow some consumers to make more informed decisions about their food purchases, but it acknowledges that others may regard substitute terms as misleading. The FDA says in the notice that it was unclear how many products could be marketed without “irradiation” on the label if its proposal is adopted, because labeling requirements cannot be made in advance for all products. Labeling requirements will mostly likely be set case-by-case because the effects of irradiation on different foods vary. “It is more likely that this option would simply allow firms more flexibility in how they label irradiated foods,” the notice states. Comments from the public are due by Jul 3, 2007. The move toward loosening labeling rules for irradiated foods began nearly 5 years ago when Congress passed the 2002 farm bill. Labeling-related provisions intended to promote the acceptance of irradiated foods were included in amendments authored by Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa. Apr 4 FDA Federal Register notice on proposed change in labeling rules However, recent illness outbreaks caused by contaminated produce have sparked new interest in ways to make the US food supply safer. Last October, amid a nationwide Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak linked to fresh spinach, the FDA, in an outbreak update on its Web site, said it had a petition under review to permit the irradiation of multi-ingredient foods, including prepackaged fresh produce, to reduce microbial contamination. The FDA says companies are sure to consider their bottom line when deciding to make a labeling change, but the new rules could also increase the use of irradiation as a food safety tool. The revised labeling rules, however, could make it more difficult for consumers who want to avoid irradiated foods, because they would need to do more research on which foods are irradiated. Jun 17, 2002 CIDRAP News article “New farm bill may promote food irradiation, but changes could be slow” CIDRAP overview on food irradiation The FDA currently requires all irradiated foods to have the international radura symbol and the statement “treated by irradiation” or “treated with radiation” clearly displayed on the packaging.
President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has touted online courses as the default mode of learning for many university students as the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has shown no signs of abating anytime soon.Speaking to a number of university rectors during a virtual Indonesian Rectors Forum conference on Saturday, Jokowi said that online lectures were but one of several ways the country’s academic community had adapted to the current health crisis, calling them part of “the next normal”.“Online courses, which had previously been slowly implemented, have now picked up steam. Online lectures have become a new normal – even the next normal,” he remarked during his opening address. “I believe that more innovative and productive norms will continue to emerge [amid the pandemic].”Read also: Home learning hindered by technology gap, Nadiem acknowledgesTo that end, Jokowi called on the rectors forum to bridge aspirations between members of academia and to facilitate practical applications of academic knowledge to real-world industries so that students could become well-equipped to contribute to national development.He also urged universities to serve as an environment where nationalism, diversity and tolerance could thrive as they were vital to the country’s democracy.“Ladies and gentlemen, you are the ‘parents’ [of your students] who are responsible for their future, as well as Indonesia’s future,” Jokowi said.However, the adoption of technology remains a challenge for the Indonesian education system.A 2019 report issued by global mobile communications industry body GSMA demonstrated a wide digital gap between people living in urban and rural areas. About 45 percent of Indonesians live in rural areas.Topics :
Read also: Indonesia must derisk its infrastructure projects to attract foreign investors amid crisis: Infrastructure Asia“Infrastructure development is critical to economic growth and long-term recovery from the effects of COVID-19. This framework supports economic growth and our shared goals to meet infrastructure needs,” said Mnuchin in a statement released by the US Embassy in Jakarta on Friday.The working group under the agreement will hold its first meeting virtually on Sept. 22 and 23.President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has made the development of basic infrastructure like roads, airports, seaports and telecommunication one of his top priorities since 2014. The 2021 state budget allocates Rp 414 trillion (US$28.5 billion) for infrastructure development, marking a 47 percent increase from the 2020 budget. (aly)Topics : The United States Treasury Secretary Steven T. Mnuchin and Indonesian Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati have signed an agreement to bolster cooperation between the two countries on infrastructure development.The Cooperation Framework to Strengthen Infrastructure Finance and Market Building, signed by the ministers remotely on Friday, is designed to support infrastructure development through market-oriented, private-sector investment.Under the new framework, both countries will address regulatory barriers as well as market and legal barriers to private-sector investment by focusing on the development of financial instruments, project finance, the local debt market and capital markets.
13 Royal Albert Cres, Sovereign Islands.TWO spectacular Gold Coast mansions on the same street will go under the hammer this weekend.Both houses on the Sovereign Islands are among the standout properties being offered to the market.13 Royal Albert Cres, Sovereign Islands is going under the hammer at 2.30pm.CoreLogic data revealed 47 homes went to auction on the Gold Coast last weekend with a clearance rate of 54.6 per cent, 14.1 per cent higher than the Sunshine Coast.Auctioneer Colin Banks said there was a new interest in the Sovereign Islands.“The Soveriegn Islands has always been a sought after place but with new builds in the area interest is picking up again,” he said.“Christmas was a very slow season for auctions, and January was a blitz so now the market is gradually picking up again very slowly.”Want to see more dream homes? Here are a few we found earlier. Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 1:45Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -1:45 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD540p540p360p360p270p270pAutoA, selectedAudio Trackdefault, selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenSummer Dream Home: Currumbin01:45 Related videos 01:45Summer Dream Home: Currumbin01:34Paradise for sale…01:16Dream home: Broadbeach Waters01:33Dream Home: New Farm01:36Dream Home: Brookfield01:00Mermaid BeachMr Banks said a Clear Island Waters property he was set to auction tomorrow had already sold.“There is usually a 30 per cent chance of this happening on the Gold Coast but only for lower end homes.“The home I was going to call at Clear Island Waters was well in the $2 million price range.”Meanwhile, Ray White agent Edin Kara is taking 13 Royal Albert Cres to auction at 2.30pm13 Royal Albert Cres, Sovereign Islands is going under the hammer at 2.30pmMore from news02:37Purchasers snap up every residence in the $40 million Siarn Palm Beach North11 hours ago02:37International architect Desmond Brooks selling luxury beach villa1 day agoStone feature walls a floating wooden staircase, curved walls and chandeliers are just some of the features in the five-bedroom house.13 Royal Albert Cres, Sovereign Islands.Mr Kara said the home has views down the canal and a nature strip at the front for a sense of privacy.“It is located in one of the best streets the Sovereign Islands has to offer,” he said.Further up the street, perched between the newest homes on Sovereign Islands, is a five bedroom, five bathroom house at 76 Royal Albert Cres.With a 20m waterfront the contemporary home has striking tropical gardens.Professionals Vertullo Real Estate agent Chris Moyer said the house featured imported clay roof tiles from Italy, designed to give a rustic style.At Helensvale, 8 Edgewater place is being taken offered to the market at 2pm8 Edgewater Place HelensvaleDescribed by the owner Josephine Sverdioff as a home with royal history, the six-bedroom house is poised on a 804sq m block.“The story in the street is that 8 Edgewater was one of three homes owned by a Malaysian prince,” Mrs Sverdioff said.“The prince apparently stayed in house number 10 on holidays and the two houses either side of the mansion were for his staff, which were number 8 and number 14.”8 Edgewater Place Helensvale
The proportion of the fund managed by external mangers rose to 46% last year from 41% in 2012.About one-third of the return came from its investments in equities.Approximately CNY109bn, or 10% of the fund’s assets, originated from a mandate from the Guangdong provincial government.The report said about CNY49bn was invested in short-term debt.The NSSF provided no further details on its asset allocation.The assets of the funds are sourced mainly from the central government’s budget, state-owned enterprise share sales and the state lottery.The NSSF is a strategic reserve fund set up by the Chinese government in 2000 to help cope with the country’s ageing population. China’s National Social Security Fund (NSSF), which manages the country’s biggest pension fund, recorded a 6.2% return on investment in 2013, with an increased proportion of the fund being managed by external managers, according to its annual report released earlier this week.The $200bn (€146bn) fund earned CNY68.6bn (€8.1bn) from its investments in 2013.The rate of return was lower than the 7% recorded in 2012 but higher than the 2.6% inflation rate during the period, according to the report.The fund’s average return since its inception is about 8.13%.