Countries attending the International Maritime Organization (IMO) meeting in London agreed to require the shipping sector to reduce its emissions by at least 50 pct by 2050 compared to 2008.“Today’s commitment by governments to require international shipping to decarbonize and at least halve its greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 is a welcome and potentially game-changing development,” the Clean Shipping Coalition (CSC) has said.“But the lack of any clear plan of action to deliver the emissions reductions, including urgently needed short-term measures, is a major concern, according to the group of NGOs with observer status at the UN’s International Maritime Organisation (IMO).”Specifically, the following objectives were agreed: to strengthen design requirements for each ship type, a relative reduction of 40 percent by 2030, and by 2050, global shipping shall reduce its CO2 emissions by at least 50 percent compared with 2008 and subsequently head for a complete phase-out.“Achieving these goals will be a major task and will require massive research and development efforts, as we will eventually have to use alternative fuels resulting in zero emissions at all. With the clear reduction target in mind, the shipping industry is ready to work towards the goal, and Danish Shipping will particularly engage in the development of alternative fuels,” says Maria Skipper Schwenn, Executive Director at Danish Shipping.The target falls short of the 70-100 pct cut by 2050 that is needed to align shipping with the goals of the Paris agreement.The CSC said progressive states must now use the words “at least” to keep the pressure on for full decarbonization by 2050 so as to avoid the catastrophic climate change that a temperature increase of more than 1.5°C would bring.“The IMO should and could have gone a lot further but for the dogmatic opposition of some countries led by Brazil, Panama, Saudi Arabia. Scant attention was paid to US opposition. So this decision puts shipping on a promising track. It has now officially bought into the concept of decarbonization and the need to deliver in-sector emission reductions, which is central to fulfilling the Paris agreement,” Bill Hemmings, shipping director at Transport & Environment, said.“We have an important agreement, and this level of ambition will ultimately require a sector-wide shift to new fuels and propulsion technologies, but what happens next is crucial. The IMO must move swiftly to introduce measures that will cut emissions deeply and quickly in the short-term. Without these the goals of the Paris agreement will remain out of reach,”John Maggs, president of the CSC and senior policy advisor at Seas At Risk, said.BIMCO, the world’s largest international shipping association, said it was very satisfied with the Green House Gas (GHG) strategy adopted by IMO today.“It is a landmark achievement in the effort to reduce emissions, and something that every other industry should look to for inspiration,” Lars Robert Pedersen, BIMCO Deputy Secretary-General and delegate at the IMO meeting, commented.“In BIMCO we believe that the industry can deliver on this target – even if we don’t exactly know how, yet.“Now we have to focus on the mid-to-long term. We have to find the technology and procedures that will drive us towards zero GHG emissions,” he added. BIMCO sees zero carbon emissions as a realistic goal for the second half of this century, but investments in research and technology are required to get there.
A Cardiff statement said: “Cardiff City Football Club can confirm that Spanish defender Juan Torres Ruiz Cala has officially joined the club on a two-and-a-half-year deal.” Cala is Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s seventh signing following the arrivals of Magnus Wolff Eikrem, Mats Moller Daehli, Jo Inge Berget, Fabio, Kenwyne Jones and Wilfried Zaha. The 24-year-old had his contract with Sevilla terminated last weekend, with the Spanish club confirming he was moving to Cardiff. Cala has trained with his new team-mates throughout the week and is available for selection in Saturday’s south Wales derby against Swansea. Cardiff have announced the signing of defender Juan Cala on a two-and-a-half-year contract. Press Association
Dubai: The International Cricket Council (ICC) on Thursday announced a partnership with Facebook which will become the exclusive digital content rights partner for ICC global events in the Indian sub-continent. Facebook, a popular social media platform, will also carry post match recaps throughout the rest of the world through to 2023. Facebook will carry a range of digital content across four years including match recaps, in-play key moments and other match and feature content. “We are delighted to welcome Facebook to the global cricket family for this multi-year, multi-market partnership which is a first for our sport. The combination of one of the world’s most watched sports with one of the world’s largest platforms is exciting for the future of our game,” ICC Chief Executive Manu Sawhney said. Ajit Mohan, VP and Managing Director Facebook India said, “We are excited to partner with the ICC to bring the most exciting moments in cricket to Facebook Watch and to chart the next stage of technology led transformation in cricket.”Also Read | Whatsapp’s New Feature Will Let You Share Your Stories Directly On Facebook, Know MoreThe Shashank Manohar-led International Cricket Council (ICC) wants complete tax exemption for all global events happening in India and is still awaiting waiver for the 2016 World T20 held in the country. According to the latest documentation of the July 6 Committee of Administrators (CoA) meeting here, the ICC wants to recover the tax burden for the 2016 event by slashing the BCCI annual share from the ICC revenue. The BCCI is set to seek advice from an English law firm after the ICC threatened to deduct a part of the Indian cricket board’s annual revenue share in a continuing tussle on tax exemptions for events held in India. Also Read | Facebook Says It Isn’t Fact Checking Politicians On The Site The BCCI legal team has informed the CoA that the Board “ensured all efforts to make tax exemptions to ICC. Prior to this event (2016), these events have always received tax exemptions.” For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps.
Three Peat Promotions /Guinness Cage CompetitionWho could stop Tiger Bay’s prolific marksman Deon Alfred was the question on everyone’s lips after he produced another dazzling display, firing in four goals to lead them to a comfortable 6-0 win over Victoria Church Yard on opening night of the Three Peat Promotions’ Guinness Cage Competition, at the Haslington Market tarmac.Part of opening night action in the second Annual Three Peat Promotions’ Guinness Cage Competition being played at the Haslington Market TarmacThe diminutive striker picked up where he left off in the Guinness national play-offs when he led his team to the title over Sparta Boss and was once again the main architect in the team victory, netting in the 2nd, 4th, 9th and 10th minutes to earn them three points.He was supported by a goal apiece from Keoma Gravesande and Leon Fredericks.In one of the more entertaining matches, Broad Street came from behind to beat East Coast’s Paradise 3-2 with Jimmy Gravesande’s 13th minute strike being the decider.Victoria Eagles impressed with a clinical 2-0 win over Melanie A in an all East Coast match-up, while the much-vaunted Sparta Boss’s struggles continued when they succumbed to defending champions Ol Skool Ballers by a solitary strike from Sheldon Profitt after 11 minutes.Kitty Hustlers started the proceedings with a narrow 2-1 win over Blazers, while Leopold Street escaped with a 2-1 penalty shootout triumph over Avacado Ballers.Belfield Warriors beat Melanie B 1-0 on penalties after regulation time failed to break a 1-1 deadlock.
Donegal Harriers made a cheque presentation to members of the Raphoe and East Donegal branch of Riding for the Disabled on Sunday last.Joanne Houston, Donegal Harriers, presented the group with a cheque of €1000 over the weekend.The groups annual Hunt Ball recently took place in Jackson’s Hotel in Ballybofey. All proceeds awarded to the Donegal branch for the Disabled was raised at the ball in January.Donegal Harriers raise €1000 for Raphoe’s Riding for the Disabled was last modified: March 13th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Donegal Harriers
2. Statements regarding controversies about preservation potential that the scientists wished to test:The discovery that melanosomes preserve commonly inexceptional fossils (Vinther et al. 2008; Colleary et al.2015) has opened new avenues of palaeontologicalresearch, but their study has not been without controversy.These structures have alternatively been identifiedas fossil bacteria (Wuttke 1983; Davis & Briggs 1995), aposition still maintained by some (Moyer et al. 2014;Lindgren et al. 2015; Schweitzer et al. 2015). However,this stance has been countered by the fact that microbodiescommonly found in fossil skin, hair and feathersconform to melanosomes in distribution, size and organization(Vinther et al. 2008; Vinther 2015, 2016). Furthermore,chemical analyses show that these structurescontain melanin (Glass et al. 2012, 2013; Lindgren et al.2012, 2014; Colleary et al. 2015; Clements et al. 2016;Gabbott et al. 2016; Brown et al. 2017).In addition, it has been suggested that keratin proteincan preserve organically in fossils (Schweitzer et al. 1999,2015; Edwards et al. 2011; Moyer et al. 2016a, b) and,thus, melanosomes might be obscured by a keratin proteinmatrix (Zhang et al. 2010; Moyer et al. 2014; Panet al. 2016). However, studies have described melanosomesas being exposed on the sediment while nonpigmentedregions yield only rock matrix (Vinther et al.2008; Colleary et al. 2015; Vinther 2015). More recently,studies have argued that the only constituents of keratinoustissues preserved deep in the geological record arecalcium phosphate and pigments (Mayr et al. 2016;Vinther et al. 2016; Saitta et al. 2017a).Experimental taphonomy supports the poor preservationpotential of keratin protein. Previous, non-sedimentencasedmaturation experiments turned keratin into avolatile-rich, water-soluble fluid (Saitta et al. 2017a) whileextracted melanosomes survived largely intact (Collearyet al. 2015). This contrasting behaviour between keratinprotein and melanin during maturation suggests that diageneticdegradation and loss of keratin protein is to beexpected in fossils, leaving behind melanosomes. However,this keratin–melanin dynamic has yet to be experimentallyobserved simultaneously.Similarly, decay-resistant collagenous tissue (Sansomet al. 2010a, b, 2013) is expected to be diageneticallyunstable (Parry et al. 2018), like other proteinaceousorganics (Bada et al. 1999). However, epidermal collagenprotein has been proposed in Mesozoic fossils (Lingham-Soliar et al. 2007), although such claims are debated(Smith et al. 2015; Smithwick et al. 2017).Regarding the specific experiments described here, wehypothesize that tissues containing diagenetically-unstableorganics such as proteins and labile lipids (e.g. keratinous,collagenous, muscle and adipose tissues) will largelybecome degraded and lost into the sediment, while diagenetically-stable organics such as melanin (i.e. melanosomes)will tend to remain with the specimen. If thehypothesized filtering effect of porous sediment on diagenetically-altered organic materials is correct, then experimentalresults from sediment-encased maturation shouldbe expected to resemble fossils such that preserved organicstains consist largely of exposed melanosomes resting onthe sediment with a loss of surrounding tissues. In an attempt to learn about the fossilization process, scientists have found that exceptional fossils don’t require millions of years.Scientists at the University of Bristol are old-earth evolutionists, but what they found by experiment mimicked what can be seen in fossils. How long did it take? One day.Exceptionally-preserved fossils, like those of dinosaur bones and birds with soft-tissue remains in the form of carbon films, have been in the news for the last 20 to 30 years. Mary Schweitzer, in particular, created a stir with her fossils of what looked like intact blood vessels in a T. rex bone. The evidence of elastic tissue under a microscope elicited gasps by host Leslie Stahl of 60 Minutes in 2010 (YouTube). Numerous reports have come in since, showing intact collagen and melanosomes in bird feathers and carbon films thought to be residues of organs and tissues (see footnote 2). Despite their astonishment at these finds, no one in the secular journals or mainstream media ever questions that these fossils really did form many tens of millions of years ago. Creationist radio host Bob Enyart keeps a running list of fossils with soft-tissue remains as evidence against the assumed long ages.Can the conditions that created these exceptional fossils be reproduced in the lab? Researchers have created “synthetic fossils” (artificial taphonomy) in order to test what conditions can reproduce the observed remains. They tried to speed up the fossilization process by applying heat and pressure. These “maturation” experiments have been a staple for organic geochemists, says a press release from the University of Bristol, to help geochemists understand the formation of fossil fuels, or to produce synthetic diamonds.More recently, maturation has been used to study the formation of exceptional fossils that preserve soft tissues as dark, organic films in addition to mineralised tissues like bone, including fossil dinosaurs from China with organically preserved feathers.New work at the University of Bristol by grad student Evan Saitta has mimicked these types of fossils. His team gathered chicken feathers and living birds and lizards, then performed “humane euthanasia” on them by gassing them with CO2 (see footnote 1). When he used the standard maturation processes on his specimens, however, all he got was a “foul-smelling fluid.” He altered the technique by placing the specimens in compressible bentonite clay. This provided an outlet for fluids during the compaction step:Saitta explained: “The sediment acts as a filter allowing unstable molecules to escape from the sample, revealing browned, flattened bones surrounded by dark, organic films where soft tissues once were.“These results closely resemble exceptional fossils, not just visually, but also microscopically as revealed using a scanning electron microscope.”Microscopic, pigment-bearing structures called melanosomes reside within the organic films in feathers and lizards treated with the new method while unstable protein and fatty tissues degrade and are lost, just as in exceptional fossils which have been used by scientists such as Vinther to reconstruct the original colours of dinosaurs.The methods described in the paper in Palaeontology say that the experiment ran for 12 to 23 hours – less than one day (see footnote 1).The researchers say the new method of sediment filtration represents an improvement upon earlier maturation experiments and will allow for the testing of many hypotheses regarding organic preservation in fossils and sediments.The findings did not change the team’s views about long ages. They still believe fossils like Schweitzer’s fossils formed 60 to 80 million years ago (see footnote 2). But on what basis?One commonly employed experimental approach is known as ‘artificial maturation’, where high heat and pressure accelerate the chemical degradation reactions that normally occur over millions of years when a fossil is buried deep underground and exposed to geothermal heat and pressure from overlying sediment.And yet scientifically speaking, no scientist ever observed the presumed millions of years. What they observed, tested and found only took 23 hours.To back up their claim, the team should repeat the setup without applying heat and pressure, and then wait 68 million years. Then their conclusions might be scientifically supportable.Source paperSediment‐encased maturation: a novel method for simulating diagenesis in organic fossil preservationEvan T. Saitta, Thomas G. Kaye, and Jakob VintherFirst published: 25 July 2018 in Palaeontologyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/pala.12386Data archiving statement: Data for this study are available in the Dryad Digital Repository: https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.0t67nFootnotes1. from the Method section of the paper:Fresh feathers (Gallus gallus and Meleagris gallopavo fromUK farms) and lizards (Anolis captured from the wild inArizona, USA) were matured shortly after acquisition/humaneeuthanasia via CO2 asphyxiation with their fullrange of tissue composition present (see Saitta et al.(2018) for additional, preliminary results on non-vertebrates).Specimens were buried in easily-compacted bentoniticclay (purchased from Clay Terra; https://clayterra.com/) inside a metal piston and compacted using a hydraulicpress (9–18 tonnes over 126.7 mm2), producing a consolidatedtablet (Fig. 1A). Previous attempts with loosesediment did not produce results macrostructurally comparableto fossils, or amenable to easy structural analysis,indicating that compaction is important in establishingthe desired pore space filtration. Tablets were loaded intoa welded metal tube (19 mm inner diameter), forming anairtight chamber tapped for a high-pressure airline, withthe goal of providing space for the escape of maturationproducts from the sediment (Fig. 1B). The chamberresided inside a ceramic-lined laboratory oven. The airlineexited a hole in the oven and connected a pressure-regulatedair compressor. Experiments ran at 210–250°C/225–300 bars/12–23 h (Saitta et al. 2018) consistent with othermaturation studies of fossilization. (Visited 653 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
11 December 2006A cast of the world’s most complete pre-human fossil, one of the most significant fossil finds ever made, can now be seen by the public.An in situ cast of Little Foot, which rests in dolomite and chert stones in the Silberberg Grotto at Sterkfontein Caves, has been unveiled at the Maropeng visitor interpretation centre at South Africa’s Cradle of Humankind world heritage site.Dubbed Little Foot because its body parts are smaller than other adult finds, the fossil is the most complete pre-human (Australopithecine) fossil unearthed to date, and probably the oldest in southern Africa.More than 10 years since the excavation of Little Foot began, the cast allows visitors to Maropeng to see what Little Foot looks at the site of the excavation at the Sterkfontein Caves.Little Foot will lie unlifted at Sterkfontein until around the middle of 2007. When completely excavated, it is expected to reveal crucial information on how the Australopithecines looked, moved and lived.National treasureSpeaking at the unveiling of the cast last week, Gauteng Premier Mbhazima Shilowa described Little Foot as “one of South Africa’s most highly prized palaeoanthropological discoveries.“Although we know that Little Foot walked upright and was closely related to the world-famous Mrs Ples, it is an even more ancient and more complete Australopithecine fossil find,” Shilowa said.“The excavation has yielded the most complete Australopithecine skull as well as the most complete set of foot and leg bones. Furthermore, the skeleton is extremely well preserved, with most of the bones intact and joined in their natural position.“All of these qualities make it one of the most significant hominid discoveries on the planet, and one that every South African should be proud of.”Old boxes of bonesLittle Foot was discovered after Professor Ron Clarke of the University of the Witwatersrand, looking through boxes of animal fossils in 1994, recognized bones belonging to a hominid foot.Over time he accumulated many of the bones from this hominid’s left and right feet, and – thinking it unlikely that two feet of the same specimen should have fallen into the cave, unless they had still been attached to a whole body – reasoned that the rest of the skeleton must still be encased in the Sterkfontein Caves.In 1997 Clarke made a cast of the broken tibia bone which he thought should match the point in the cave from which the foot-bones had been removed, and sent his two assistants, Nkwane Molefe and Steven Motsumi, into the Silberberg Grotto.Within two days Molefe and Motsumi found a fragment which astonishingly matched the tibia shaft, and so the complete skeleton of Little Foot was discovered.Also speaking at the Little Foot cast unveiling, Wits University vice-chancellor Loyiso Nongxa said that Little Foot’s excavation from its 3-million-year-old encasing “gives us a unique opportunity to uncover information about the appearance, locomotion and lifestyle of the Australopithecines and to unlock important secrets about human evolution.”Cradle of HumankindSterkfontein Cave is the most famous of 13 excavated fossil sites in the broader 47 000-hectare Cradle of Humankind site situated some 50 kilometres north-west of Johannesburg.Three million years of human activity have taken place in and around the Cradle, including man’s earliest-known mastery of fire.Forty percent of all human ancestor fossil finds have been made here, including several of the world’s most famous and important fossils – among them Mrs Ples (now believed to be Master Ples), dating back 2.5-million years, and Little Foot.A further 500 hominid fossils and over 9 000 stone tools have been excavated in the area, and excavations will probably continue for another 100 years.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
The Military Family Leisure Survey is a collaboration between America’s Warrior Partnership and a group of military and family researchers from South Carolina’s Land Grant University Clemson University, Brigham Young University, Penn State University, and Baylor University.The goal is to help researchers and service providers better understand how family leisure impacts the well-being and reintegration of U.S. military families who have experienced a post-9/11 combat deployment.The findings of this survey will help veteran-serving organizations tailor programs and services to better meet the needs of veterans and family members alike.Take the survey at clemsonhealth.az1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_6DykuNTnTYImv8p
Rahul Dravid and paceman Irfan Pathan did not figure in the initial probable list for the World Cup announced by the BCCI in Mumbai on Saturday.The 30-member list included youngsters Cheteshwar Pujara and Ajinkya Rahane along with old war horses Sachin Tendulkar and Virender Sehwag.The squad will be pruned next month for the quadrennial event starting on February 19 to be played in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.Speaking to reporters after the selection meeting, Chairman of selectors Kris Srikkanth said, “As you know there are no big surprises. This is a probables team and everyone selects himself. There is one more month to go to select the final team and we will sit down and think calmly before finalising the team.””I am confident that the team will do well in the World Cup. They have been doing well in one-day cricket. The World Cup is happening in the sub-continent and I am confident that the team will do well,” he added.Apart from the omission of the 37-year-old Dravid, who has not played an ODI since September last year, and Pathan, on the sidelines since February 2009 in ODIs, there aren’t any surprise selections.The batting list expectedly features Tendulkar, Sehwag, Gautam Gambhir, Yuvraj Singh, Rohit Sharma and Suresh Raina.The 22-year-old Pujara along with Virat Kohli are among the youngsters picked in at least the preliminary squad.The bowling line-up is also on the expected lines with the pace attack led by Zaheer Khan featuring Ashish Nehra, S Sreesanth, Munaf Patel and Ishant Sharma.advertisementThe spin department has the experienced Harbhajan Singh along with Amit Mishra, Piyush Chawla, Pragyan Ojha and R Ashwin.Apart from Mahendra Singh Dhoni, the probables list has three other wicketkeepers in Parthiv Patel, Wriddhiman Saha and Dinesh Karthik.The list: Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Virender Sehwag, Sachin Tendulkar, Gautam Gambhir, Virat Kohli, Yuvraj Singh, Suresh Raina, Harbhajan Singh, Zaheer Khan, Ashish Nehra, S Sreesanth, Munaf Patel, Ishant Sharma, Vinay Kumar, M Vijay, Rohit Sharma, Ravindra Jadeja, Ajinkya Rahane, Saurabh Tiwary, Yusuf Pathan, Parthiv Patel, R Ashwin, Wriddhimaan Saha, Dinesh Karthik, Shikhar Dhawan, Amit Mishra, Piyush Chawla, Cheteshwar Pujara, Pragyan Ojha, Praveen Kumar.- With PTI inputs
British Formula One driver Lewis Hamilton has written about his time visiting a UNICEF project in India for the Huffington Post.Lewis witnessed first-hand the devastating effects of hunger on mothers and their babies in a country where over half the children under five are affected by malnutrition.“Normally the winter months are focused on one thing – racing,” wrote Lewis. “The schedule is punishing and my life is absorbed by ongoing training and preparation. But this month, I decided to take a couple of days out to go deep into the heart of India to find out what life was like for children and their families who are struggling to survive day in, day out because they don’t have enough to eat.”For some children, the effect of hunger can occur before they are even born.Lewis visited the UNICEF funded newborn care unit in Shivpuri, where newborn children are taken for life-saving treatment. These babies are often born dangerously small and underweight because their mother didn’t have enough to eat during her pregnancy.“Like everyone I have seen the criticism about a country like India receiving foreign aid when they can afford to host a Grand Prix,” wrote Lewis. “But my visit to the new born care unit has left me in no doubt that partnerships between organisations like UNICEF and the government, really are saving children’s lives, day in, day out.“Next year, UNICEF and others will be calling on the UK government and other world leaders to put an end to child hunger. Please remember the plight of these tiny babies, like I will, and add your support.“No child, no matter where they live in the world should go hungry or lose their life because they or their mum don’t have enough to eat. We all have a role to play in making sure they have the best chance in life and for that we should be proud.”Before the centre was set up by UNICEF, most of these children would have died at home, but now with the care that it provides their chance of survival is over 85%.The first 1,000 days of a child’s life are vital. Without enough nutritious food during this time, children can be affected by stunting, an irreversible condition that affects both a child’s mental and physical development. India accounts for a third of the world’s children who suffer from this.Community feeding centres, like the one visited by Lewis during his trip, are set up by UNICEF to help some of the most at risk by providing food to help a child grow and give them the best possible chance in life.You can read Lewis’ article here.Source:UNICEF UK