Christmas shoppers urged to spend locally

first_imgLimerick Chamber chief executive Dee RyanPhoto: Oisin McHughLIMERICK people are being asked to spend locally this Christmas and support small businesses as the shopping season hits fever pitch.Amongst those making the call is Limerick Chamber chief executive Dee Ryan who said that Limerick shoppers could go  long way to supporting the independent retailers of the city and county and in turn this would support jobs and businesses.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up The Irish Small Firms Association said that the strong economy and rising employment rates across the country will raise consumer spirits and enable greater spending power over this year’s busy Christmas shopping period.SFA director Sven Spollen-Behrens explained that “if each adult spent just €20 extra in small businesses this Christmas, this would amount to an injection of over €73 million for small Irish firms and would have a huge, positive impact on local jobs and the vibrancy of town and village centres.“Small business must take every opportunity to offer the widest possible range of goods at the most competitive prices if they are to attract as many Christmas shoppers as possible. Today’s shoppers are very value-conscious and there are great deals to be had in small businesses around the country.“Retail employs more people in Ireland than any other sector of the economy. Consumers should think about this when making their Christmas shopping decisions, as this time of year is make or break for many small retailers. We are calling on consumers to shop locally in small businesses and buy Irish products,” he said. Print WhatsApp WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads TAGSbusinessChristmaslimerickLimerick City and CountyNews Twitter Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live Advertisement Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live Linkedincenter_img Billy Lee names strong Limerick side to take on Wicklow in crucial Division 3 clash RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival Email NewsBusinessChristmas shoppers urged to spend locallyBy Staff Reporter – December 9, 2018 1024 Previous articleMunster get the job done but big improvement neededNext articleThe Christmas tree and the Nutcracker Staff Reporter Donal Ryan names Limerick Ladies Football team for League openerlast_img read more

Phase space density analysis of the outer radiation belt energetic electron dynamics

first_imgWe present an analysis of the electron phase space density in the Earth’s outer radiation belt during three magnetically disturbed periods to determine the likely roles of inward radial diffusion and local acceleration in the energization of electrons to relativistic energies. During the recovery phase of the 9 October 1990 storm and the period of prolonged substorms between 11 and 16 September 1990, the relativistic electron phase space density increases substantially and peaks in the phase space density occur in the region 4.0 < L* ∼0.8 MeV. The peaks in the phase space density are associated with prolonged substorm activity, enhanced chorus amplitudes, and predominantly low values of the ratio between the electron plasma frequency, fpe, and the electron gyrofrequency, fce (fpe/fce < ∼4). The data provide further evidence for a local wave acceleration process in addition to radial diffusion operating in the heart of the outer radiation belt. During the recovery phase of the 9 October 1990 storm the peaks are more pronounced at large M (550 MeV/G) and large Kaufmann K (0.11 G RE) than large M (700 MeV/G) and small K (0.025 G RE), which suggests that radial diffusion is more effective below about 0.7 MeV for 5.0 < L* < 5.5 during this period. At low M (M ≤ 250 MeV/G), corresponding to energies, E < ∼0.8 MeV, there is no evidence for a peak in phase space density and the data are more consistent with inward radial diffusion and losses to the atmosphere by pitch angle scattering. During the 26 August 1990 storm there is a net loss in the relativistic electron phase space density for 3.3 < L* < 6.0. At low M (M ≤ 250 MeV/G) the phase space density decreases by almost a constant factor and the gradient remains positive for all L*, but at high M (M ≥ 550 MeV/G) the decrease in phase space density is greater at larger L* and the gradient changes from positive to negative. The data show that it is possible to have inward radial diffusion at low energies and outward radial diffusion at higher energies, which would fill the outer radiation belt.last_img read more